Good Friday Agreement 1998 Facts

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The Good Friday Agreement (GFA) or Belfast Agreement (Irish: Comhaontú Aoine an Chéasta or Comhaontú Bhéal Feirste; Ulster-Scots: Guid Friday Greeance or Bilfawst Greeance),[1] is a pair of agreements signed on 10 April 1998 that ended most of the violence of the Troubles, a political conflict in Northern Ireland that had taken place since the late 1960s. This was an important development in the peace process in Northern Ireland in the 1990s. Northern Ireland`s current system of devolved government is based on the agreement. The Agreement also created a number of institutions between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland and between the Republic of Ireland and the United Kingdom. • encourage the parties to agree that this commitment will be maintained by a new assembly in a manner which takes into account the wishes and sensitivities of the Community. As regards the promotion of equality in the workplace, the Northern Ireland Act (1998) also provided for the establishment of the Equality Commission, which began its work on 1 September 1999.1 “The Good Friday Agreement: Equality Commission for Northern Ireland”, BBC News, May 2006, accessed 21 January 2013, On August 15, 1998, 29 people were killed when dissident Republicans detonated a car bomb in Omagh. This is the largest loss of life in an incident in Northern Ireland since the unrest began. While the Omagh attack was carried out by Republicans who opposed the deal, he put back in the spotlight the issue of dismantling paramilitary weapons, which was to take place within two years under the Good Friday agreement. Unionists` anger over the IRA`s refusal to give up its weapons combined with frustration over Sinn Féin`s refusal to accept the reformed Northern Ireland Police Service (NIP). On 30 July 1998, the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland declared, as required by the 1998 Act, that supporters of the Irish Republican Continuity Army, the Loyalist Volunteer Force, the Irish National Liberation Army and the Genuine Irish Republican Army could not be released because they did not observe a complete and unambiguous ceasefire. On November 18, 1998, the Loyalist Volunteer Force was removed from the list.1 “Sentence Review Commissions Annual report 2001,”, accessed February 1, 2013.

The agreement provided for the establishment of an independent commission to review the provisions of the police in Northern Ireland “including ways to promote broad community support” for these arrangements. The UK government has also committed to a “wide-ranging review” of the criminal justice system in Northern Ireland. The Good Friday Agreement provided for the allocation of resources, including legal and financial resources, necessary to meet the needs of the victims of the problems. The agreement also recognises the role of the Northern Ireland Victims Commission. The Northern Ireland Victims Commission was tasked with producing a report on how to commemorate the 3,600 victims and 40,000 injured during the riots. On the 13th. In May 1998, the Commission issued its recommendation on compensation for victims of violence and their self-help groups; An official ombudsman has been organized to deal with, among other things, the requests and complaints of victims, the creation of a physical monument. During negotiations on the UK`s planned withdrawal from the European Union in 2019, the EU produced a position paper on its concerns about the UK`s support for the Good Friday Agreement during Brexit. The position paper covers issues such as the avoidance of a hard border, North-South cooperation between the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland, the birthright of all northern Irish residents (as defined in the agreement) and the common travel area. [31] [32] Anyone born in Northern Ireland and therefore entitled to an Irish passport under the Good Friday Agreement can retain EU citizenship even after Brexit. [33] Under the European Union`s Brexit negotiating directives, the UK was asked to convince other EU members that these issues had been raised in order to enter the second phase of Brexit negotiations. Many people have made important contributions.

Tony Blair and Bertie Ahern were at the time leaders of the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland. It was chaired by US Special Envoy George Mitchell. [3] Various groups violated the ceasefire in 1998. In January 1998, peace talks nearly collapsed when The Loyalist Ulster Freedom Fighters (UFF) admitted their involvement in the murder of three Catholics, violating the ceasefire. After this admission, the UFF halted its campaign against the killing of Catholics.1 Talks continued and the parties reached a final agreement and signed on October 10. A comprehensive peace agreement was concluded in April 1998. The Good Friday Agreement, concluded on 10 April 1998, was a careful balancing act that reflected the competing demands and aspirations of the various interlocutors. .